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轨枕又称枕木,也是铁路配件的一种

The sleeper is also called the sleepers, but also parts of a railway

只不过现在所用材料不仅仅是木材,因此叫轨枕更加科学。 别看轨枕的模样单调划一,貌不惊人,它的作用可不小。轨枕既要支承钢轨,又要保持钢轨的位置,还要把钢轨传递来的巨大压力再传递给道床。它须具备柔韧性和弹性,硬了不行,软了也不行。列车经过时,它可以适当变形以缓冲压力,但列车过后还得尽可能恢复原状。

Only now, not just the materials used in wood, so called sleeper more scientific. Don't look like uniform monotone sleeper, appearance is not breathtaking, its role can not small. Necessary to support rail sleepers, but also to maintain the rail position, but also to pass the rail pressure before being passed to the ballast. It must have a certain flexibility and elasticity, hard not soft line. After the train, it can be deformed due to buffer the pressure, but after the train had as much as possible restitution.

水泥轨枕也叫混凝土枕
又称
砼枕

Concrete sleeper is also called the concrete pillow,
also known as the concrete sleeper

由混凝土,钢筋,组合而成,外表坚硬,使用寿命长

Made of concrete, steel, combination, hard appearance, long service life

水泥枕轨产品分类

Product classification

水泥枕木按照安装方式可分为U型环式和螺栓压板式

Concrete sleepers are in accordance with the installation can be divided into U type ring type and plate type bolt

水泥枕木U型环的轨枕安装方便,只需将钢轨放到两个U型环之间,下面垫上橡胶垫板,然后用大锤砸下U型环压住钢轨。水泥枕木螺栓压板的是用T型螺栓从轨枕下面预留孔中穿出上面固定住压板压住钢轨,一根轨枕需要4套螺栓,4个压板,2个橡胶垫板,这种轨枕养护方便,可以重复利用。

The cement sleeper sleeper U type ring has the advantages of convenient installation, only the rail put between the two U ring, the following mat rubber pad, and then use a sledgehammer smashing U type ring down rail. The cement sleeper bolt plate is used in T type bolt from the sleeper reserved under the hole above fixed platen presses the rail, a sleeper needs 4 sets of bolt, 4 plate, 2 rubber pad, the sleeper maintenance convenient, can use repeatedly

水泥枕轨产品分类

Product advantage
  • 水泥枕木需要蒸汽脱模一次成型,外观光滑,里面坚硬,并含有多根螺纹钢。

  • 水泥枕木,材源广泛,规格统一,弹性均匀,绝缘性好,稳定性高,不受天气温度等外在条件的影响,不腐烂、使用寿命长。

  • 预应力混凝土轨枕除了能大量节约钢材外,还有使用寿命长、轨道稳定性好,能满足高速、大运量要求等优点。

水泥枕轨常规规格

General specifications
名称 宽度(mm) 厚度(mm) 长度(mm) 备注
备注 220 160 2500 共计16个长度规格
道岔枕木(普通) 220 160 2600-4850,以150mm进位 /
道岔枕木(标准) 240 160 2600-4800,以200mm进位 共计12个长度规格
桥梁枕木 220 240、260、280、300 3000 /

水泥枕轨常规间距

Sleeper spacing

轨枕的间距应根据运量、行车速度及道床类型等条件决定。间距较小时,路基、道床、钢轨以及轨枕本身所受作用力均小,但间距过小则增加工程费用,且影响道床的捣固作业。轨枕间距一般为52~62厘米。中国铁路一般以每公里铺设轨枕的根数间接显示轨枕间距。

Sleeper spacing should be decided according to the vehicle speed and traffic volume, ballast type conditions. Spacing is small, the roadbed, ballast, rail and sleepers are forces suffered their own small, but the spacing is too small to increase the project cost, and the effect of the ballast tamping. Sleeper spacing is generally 52 ~ 62 cm. China Railway General laid per kilometer root number sleeper indirect display sleeper spacing.

水泥枕轨常规间距

The safety rules
  • 轨枕公路运输应使用带有固定架的车辆,运输车应与轨枕尺寸相适应,装车层数不多于6层,装车后应绑扎牢固,严防运输途中发生位移。

    Sleeper road transport should be used with a fixed frame of the vehicle, vehicles should be compatible with the sleeper size, loading layers of not more than 6 layer, after loading shall be bond firmly, prevent the transit of displacement.
  • 轨枕铁路运输应按铁路部门批准的装车方案进行装车。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • 装车时,每摞轨枕之间塞两块三角楔木,防止轨枕运输过程中碰撞、损坏。

    When loading, between each stack of sleeper plug two block triangular wedge of wood, to prevent damage during transport collision, sleeper.
  • (1) 抬运混凝土枕应4人一根;桥枕、岔枕等应增加扛抬人员。

    (1) carrying a concrete sleeper should be 4 people a pillow, pillow etc.; bridge fork lift personnel should be increased.
  • 轨枕铁路运输应按铁路部门批准的装车方案进行装车。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • (2) 抬运轨枕时,挂枕应牢靠,抬运应平稳,放置时步调应一致。

    (2) carrying a sleeper, hanging pillow should be firm, lifted should be smooth, placed when the pace should be consistent.
  • 轨枕铁路运输应按铁路部门批准的装车方案进行装车。

    Sleeper railway transportation should loading scheme according to the railway departments approved for loading.
  • (3) 单人扛运木枕应有固定人员搭肩。到达指定地点放置时,应先将木枕一端着地,使木枕竖立,然后放下,不应耸肩摔掷,避免碰撞他人。

    (4) single carry wood should be fixed personnel shoulder. Arrived at the designated location for placement, should first be a sleeper end, make the sleeper is erect, and then down, should not shrug a throw, avoid collisions with others.
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